The capital city of Hungary is a popular travel destination among all kinds of travellers. Before travelling to Budapest, being savvy in the city and essential facts that make Budapest unique will help you in many ways.
About the city of Budapest
- Budapest is two cities, one name
Budapest is a merge between 2 smaller cities named Buda and Pest. The Danube River, which flows through many eastern European countries, separates Buda and Pest. Buda is on the western riverbank while Pest is on the east side. After the formation of the Austro-Hungarian empire, the necessity of a more considerable capital arose. Hence the two cities merged to become what we know today as Budapest.
2. Home to the most extensive collection of thermal caves
Budapest has water flows heated naturally by the earth's warmth deep below the surface. This water flows carved thousands of caves, making Budapest home to the largest thermal caves collection in the world.
3. Budapest’s has an age-old love of Thermal Spas
It’s not a surprise to hear that Budapest's citizens have been making use of the thermal waters running underneath their city. Budapest’s thermal baths and spas have a 1000-year old history. There is a whole culture built around thermal baths in Budapest. Having a thermal bath is on the bucket list of many travellers around the world.
4. Budapest was involved in the Hungarian uprising
Hungary became a satellite state of the Soviet Union after the second world war. In 1956, students and workers protested against the Soviet government for independence. These protests ultimately led to fatal confrontations between the rebels and Soviet troops in Budapest, which ended up with the rebels' defeat.
5. Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest Jewish worship house in Europe
Standing for over 150 years, the Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest Jewish worship house in Europe. The building’s design is a combination of North African and Central European architectures. Despite suffering damages from the Nazi and Soviet occupations, this Synagogue still serves as one of the world's most significant Jewish worship houses.
6. Sziget Festival is on of Europe's largest music and cultural festivals
Budapest loves music and festivals. The best example is the Sziget Festival, one of Europe's largest music and cultural festivals. The festival holds every August on Óbudai-Sziget (Old Buda Island), which is in northern Budapest. More than 500,000 visitors attend the festival annually from worldwide to enjoy more than 1000 different performances.
7. Palinka, Unicum and Soda Water are the three famous drinks in Budapest
There are three drinks that reign supreme in Budapest with a storied history around them. They are Palinka, Unicum and Soda Water. Palinka is an alcoholic drink with around 40 to 50 percent alcohol content. Unicum is a potion made using 40 different herbs. And lastly, Soda water is a vital part of Budapest's restaurants and cafes cultures.
8. There is a rising fashion industry coming out of Budapest
The fashion industry of Hungary was stagnating with stiff foreign competition in the past few decades. But as the country's economy is getting more and more diversified, a new generation of designers is emerging. The base of many of these designers is Budapest, with many stores and boutiques across the city.
Architecture of Budapest
9. Budapest’s is known for their colourful roof tiles
Budapest is bursting with architecture with some of the most remarkable buildings you see anywhere in the world. One unique feature of many of the city's signature buildings is the colourful roof tiles. The manufacturer of these roof tiles is the Zsolnay Porcelain Factory. Architects loved the factory’s roof titles ever since its establishment in 1853.
10. Budapes has the world's third-largest parliament building
The Hungarian parliament building standing on the Danube river banks is one of the top attractions of Budapest. It is the home to Hungary's National Assembly - the legislative branch of the country. One particular highlight of the complex is the nation's crown, worn by about 50 rulers throughout its history.
11. Vajdahunyad Castle was originally built as a Wooden castle
Vajdahunyad Castle is the prominent landmark designed to celebrate the Hungarian state's 1000th birthday. This castle initially built-in 1896 as a temporary building with wooden planks and cardboard. Later in the 1900s, the castle redesigned with permanent materials. This site features copies of iconic landmarks of the 19th-century Hungarian kingdom.