India is the second-most populous country and the seventh-largest country in the world in terms of land area. The country has a long history dating way back to the third millennium BC. With so many languages, traditions, and spirituals, India is culturally diverse, with many religions originated from India, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. If you are planning to visit this amazing country, here are some interesting facts about India to know before your stopover.
1. India is on its way to become the most populous country in the world
India has a staggering population of 1.37 billion, which is about one-sixth of the world's population. India will soon overtake China as the most populous country in the world by around 2027. Even though the country is improving in curbing its fertility rates, there are talks about adopting a 2-child policy to control the population growth rate.
2. India was once a global superpower
Even though India is a developing country today, it has been a global superpower for many centuries. India had either the largest or second-largest GDP from 1AD up until the late 1800s. At one point, India was responsible for 25% of the world's GDP. However, India's economy collapsed when it became a colony of the British empire.
3. The country was the Jewel in the crown of the British empire
The British landed in India and established the East Indian company in 1608 and occupied the entire country by 1858. India's colonization was a massive triumph for the British empire due to India's resources and location. They traded spices, Chinese silk, and porcelain, which brought enormous profits to the empire.
4. 3000-year old caste system still affects the lives of Indian people
The Indian caste system is a traditional form of stratification that classifies people into four different groups. These groups are Brahmins (priests and teachers), Kshatriyas (warriors and rulers), Vaishyas (farmers and merchants), and Shudras (laborers). This system granted privileges to upper casts while oppressing the lower. Although caste discrimination is illegal, it is still prevailing in Indian society.
5. A traditional Indian wedding lasts for three days
A traditional Indian wedding showcases the culture and tradition of the country. These weddings are insanely beautiful and last for three days. On the first day, a priest will perform a religious practice called Ganesh Pooja. The second day begins with the Mehendi ceremony, and the main ceremony takes place on the third day.
6. India has the world’s biggest election
India is the world's biggest democracy. The country's election is a mammoth undertaking, with 900 million eligible voters deciding the country's government for five years. The voting process takes place with more than 11 million election officials and security forces and 2.3 million voting machines for a month.
7. Home to the wettest place on earth
Mawsynram village in north-eastern India holds the Guinness world record for the wettest place on earth. The village receives an astonishing average annual rainfall of 11,871mm. Unsurprisingly, the area is lush and green and rich with waterfalls. Also, the site has many caves carved in the limestone by the falling water.
8. Home to the world's only floating national park
In the Indian state of Manipur, you will find Keibul Lamjao National Park, which is the world's only floating wildlife sanctuary. The park consists of decomposed plant materials that float on the surface of wetlands. This sanctuary is the only remaining home of the endangered species of brow-antlered deer named Sangai.
9. India has its great wall
The Kumbhalgarh Wall in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The wall is 22 miles in length and surrounds the fort of over 300 ancient temples. It is the second-longest continuous wall in the world after the great wall of China. However, the place is relatively unknown, even to locals due to the remoteness of the area.
10. Trucks in India are mobile art galleries
Indian trucks are more than just commercial transportation. They are a sort of canvas. Various portraits representing the culture, language, beliefs, and history are a standard in Indian trucks. Truck drivers usually spend weeks away from their homes and spend hours on roads. So, they believe decorating their trucks make them comfortable and closer to home.
11. Cricket is more than a sport in India
Cricket is the most popular sport in India. At least 90% of the Cricket's worldwide fan base is from the Indian subcontinent. Many Indians consider Cricket as a religion and part of their lives. Due to this enormous fan base, the Indian Premier League (IPL) has become one of the world's wealthiest and most popular sports leagues.